Unemployment in Iran is one of the most important problems in the country, especially since a large portion of those unemployed are university graduates.
“The rate of unemployment among our university graduates has increased. 40% of unemployed people are university graduates,” Omid Ali Parsa said in comments carried by the Revolutionary Guards Affiliated Tasnim news agency.
Under the Islamic Republic of Iran, shaped by cronyism and corruption, good jobs go to those who have affiliations, friends or relatives, in government bodies.
Here are some of the reasons for the high rate of unemployment in Iran among university graduates:
1. Lack of statistics and detailed information on the status of labor supply and demand in various fields of study.
2. Lack of coordination and communication between organizations and executive agencies in Iran with centers of higher education to identify labor market needs in the country.
3. Relying on purely theoretical education coupled with weak training in practical and applied fields, especially in the more technical-engineering and agricultural disciplines.
4. Excessive admissions to various scientific centers affiliated with the state’s higher education system without regard for the country’s labor market needs.
5. Increased capacity of student acceptance in some humanities fields which have been saturated in the labor market.
6. The spread of the culture of credentialism in the society has raised the expectations of graduates and their desire to work in office jobs.
7. Not paying enough attention to graduates’ status of employment in the private sector as one of the sectors that can play a central role in attracting this group.
8. Inadequate distribution of equal opportunities in non-industrial and less developed areas in Iran.
9. The high rate of unemployment in Iran has led many young people to continue their education, in an effort to get better jobs, therefore postponing their employment.
In addition to these, the lack of a comprehensive plan to improve the employment status of graduates in the country, the high level of risk-taking in the economy, the prevalence of university academics with multiple jobs, the tendency of most graduates to work in the public sector are also among other factors that contribute to unemployment in Iran.