Iran has a hot, dry climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool winters and has very low precipitation. This and government mismanagement has led to a severe water crisis in Iran.
But despite this, a day of heavy rainfall causes major floods in Iran. Floods that kill and destroy people’s lives.
According to the state-run Khabar Online Website, Iran floods have significantly increased in the past year with 552 cases taking place in the course of just 4 years.
The recent early October Iran floods which hit the three provinces of Northern Khorasan, Mazandaran and Gilan provinces killed eight people.
Man-made causes of Iran’s floods
The reason behind Iran’s increasing floods is the deforestation of more 30% of the northern forests, the destruction of vegetation in pastures and fields, the lack of levees, and flood walls in flood areas, the lack of river dredging, the unnatural gathering of heavy sediments behind dams, broken dams, the unconventional building of villas in agricultural land which is mostly carried out by those affiliated with the government, and the construction on river banks and river areas.
Deforestation is carried out in full by the government with “33% of forests in Iran having been destroyed”, according to state-run media. That means that the 18 million of hectares of Iran’s forests have shrunk to just 12.4 million.
The construction of houses and villas is carried out by those affiliated with the government since according to a recent report by an economist, 41 million Iranians don’t own homes and 4% of all of Iran’s wealth is in the hands of 4% of the government-affiliated elite population.
Salamat News state-run website also reported a few years ago that the main cause of floods was due to environmental damages.
“Floods are not only the result of natural disasters. It is rather the result of environmental destruction. They are the result of the changes made to natural lands, deforestation and the destruction of native vegetation. Reducing vegetation and changes in land will cause runoff from precipitation to increase by more than 30 times in some places,” the website wrote.
It’s obvious that these environmental damages are systematic and the result of government mismanagement.
Floods like other natural disasters are predictable and preventable and when it takes place, is controllable with the right infrastructure, necessary budget and technical management. But at the current rate, Iran will witness more destructive floods in the future.