A Tehran penal court convicted three minors of a charge that can carry the death penalty according to Iran’s Islamic Penal Code.
On August 10, the 5th Branch of the Tehran Penal Court charged the three teenagers with “Moharebeh” or “enmity against God” for being members of ISIS.
According to state-run media, the three minors are an unidentified 14-year-old Iraqi boy, another Iraqi teenager identified only by his first name as Emad, and Mobin, an Iranian teenager.
According to the report, the three teenagers crossed over to Iran through the Iraqi border along with 19 others and were residing in Javanrud village, in northwestern Iran before being attacked by IRGC forces.
The three minors have been held in prison for three years. The report said that the 14-year-old Iraqi boy and Mobin denied membership in the group. Mobin was quoted as saying in court that he was being held by ISIS against his will.
The Iranian teenager said that he joined ISIS because he thought he would get a car, motorcycle, and money.
“They beat and tortured me when I told them I could not carry out suicide missions,” the teenager told the court.
“I wanted to escape but I was afraid they would kill me,” Emad said.
All three denied any knowledge of having entered Iran to carry out an attack and the 14-year-old boy said he did not even know they were in Iran.
Despite this, they were charged with “enmity against God”. According to article 190 of the Islamic Penal Code, the “punishment for moharebeh and corruption on earth is either the death penalty, hanging on gallows, amputation of the right hand and left foot or banishment.”
Iranian courts are notorious for their lack of due process and offenders are usually coerced into making confessions against themselves.
From 2014 to the end of 2017, Iran executed at least 25 people for crimes committed when they were children, according to Amnesty International and Iran Human Rights. In 2018 alone, Iran executed seven people for crimes they allegedly committed as children.