21 days go pass since the start of the uprisings in Kurdish cities in Iran. The protests started out on April 16, over the high prices of Iran’s border customs tariff. Closing the borders in this area by Iran means that many Kurdish citizens lose their jobs, such as the porters (Kolbar). The name Kolbar is used commonly amongst the people of these Kurdish cities, meaning to carry heavy items on your back crossing both sides of the border with Iraq to make some money in order to live. The same form of labor is also carried out in other Provinces mentioning West Azarbaijan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah as well as Sistan and Baluchestan. For many, the reason to being a Kolbar is unemployment or just simply having no other choice.
Porters Living Conditions
According to the Iranian Law, crossing the border whether by person or working animals without paying border tax is smuggling. Kolbars carry TV, coolers, heaters, cigarettes, wheels and clothing. Being a porter is a dangerous job and mostly done by those near the borders. These porters are very young of age or in early adulthood. They have to continue this risky road in order to have something to eat. Almost every year thousands of porters die in the Iranian border. Amongst the young workers are those who have gained high education rates but due to the unemployment crisis they have no other way. Strikes in the cities of Baneh and Javanroud continue after two weeks. They want their jobs back and plan to take to the streets in protest to show their wrecked life conditions.
Can’t Iran’s Wealth Fulfill Porters Lives?
Iran has been known for its rich energy resources ever since 1913 and has always been one of the main oil exporters. Being situated in the midst of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea, it holds a special international spot. It is one of least countries that can extract both oil and gas from the Caspian Sea and export it independently and directly. Though having all the natural resources and national wealth, 40% of the population in Iran are living below the poverty line. As living conditions worsen in Iran by day and corruption grows, yet the government tries to show that there is a way out of the current crisis. The people of Iran are showing that their final savior is a regime change.
Categories: Iran Protests